One Star Over, a Planet That Might Be Another Earth

 M. Kornmesser/European Southern Observatory

Artist’s rendering of surface of planet Proxima b.  M. Kornmesser/European Southern Observatory

Another Earth could be circling the star right next door to us.

Astronomers announced on Wednesday that they had detected a planet orbiting Proxima Centauri, the closest neighbor to our solar system. Intriguingly, the planet is in the star’s “Goldilocks zone,” where it may be neither too hot nor too cold. That means liquid water could exist at the surface, raising the possibility for life.

Although observations in recent years, particularly by NASA’s Kepler planet-finding mission, have uncovered a bounty of Earth-size worlds throughout the galaxy, this one holds particular promise because it might someday, decades from now, be possible to reach. It’s 4.2 light-years, or 25 trillion miles, away from Earth, which is extremely close in cosmic terms.

One astronomer likened it to a flashing neon sign. “I’m the nearest star, and I have a potentially habitable planet!” said R. Paul Butler, an astronomer at the Carnegie Institution for Science and a member of the team that made the discovery.

Guillem Anglada-Escudé, an astronomer at Queen Mary University of London and the leader of the team that made the discovery reported in the journal Nature, said, “We know there are terrestrial planets around many stars, and we kind of expected the nearby stars would contain terrestrial planets. This is not exciting because of this. The excitement is because it is the nearest one.”

The New York Times

Categories: Astronomy, Planetary science, Science, Top stories, World news

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1 reply

  1. I usually try to keep up on discoveries like this but I missed this jewel. Thank you.

    This is also the first time I heard about the Breakthrough Starshot Initiative. A project to develop and launch a fleet of iPhone-size spacecraft within two to three decades. What an amazing time. I would love to be around to see ships the size of iPhones.

    Liked by 1 person

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